The territory of North Carolina was seized by various people from the government body, as well as those from the public. They wanted to acquire the city’s military lands and register their land titles in the newly-established counties of the area. These men were drawn entirely by the fertile and abundant land in the area. Some of the people who were tempted by the land include William Henderson, Daniel Smith, and James Sanders.

James Sanders and Daniel Smith belonged to the landed upper class. Not all settlers of Hendersonville were members of the landed gentry. Most were merchants and shopkeepers, while others farmed the lands that were granted to them under the sharecropping arrangement. These arrangements became prevalent following the Civil War when clever landowners took advantage of the farmers who did not own lands. Their self-serving interests kept their plantations growing. Several farmers were slaves who became an indication of the land owner’s wealth. Farming became the most significant economic undertaking in the region for more than a century, with tenant farming as the most substantial aspect of it.

In the mid-20th century, a great percentage of people who get their livelihood from farming were from the minority. In 1960, Hendersonville was no longer a farming town. By 1970, there were only a few farms that stayed in the economic scene of the region.

The arrival of the railroad began the modern era of the area. In 1879, the Asheville and the Spartanburg Railroad came to Hendersonville, and the following year, the gap between Asheville and Hendersonville was bridged. It gave Hendersonville access to the primary markets in the nation. Hendersonville became the center for both agriculture and the summer tourist industry in the region. The county had more than 14,000 settlers by the end of the century.

Hendersonville only had a small percentage of the African American community by the 1900s. They were mostly employed in low-paying jobs, and by the early 20th century, Brooklyn, known to be a black community emerged near the railroad tracks.

The growth of the county’s tourism led to its physical development. Wealth and middle-class tourists came annually, and that resulted in the growth of the businesses in the Main Street. Beautiful hotels and numerous boarding houses were established. Wheeler Hotel was one of the most distinct hotels in the area. It has 100 rooms as well as a ballroom. At the beginning of the 20th century, several boarding houses and hotels were constructed around the area of the commercial district. The Aloha Hotel, Smith-Williams-Durham Boarding House, and the Cedars were among the new establishments in the business district.

We can trace the first recorded history of Hendersonville in 1783 when Sanders and Smith surveyed the area for North Carolina, following the great land grab. After the Second World War, the modern era of Hendersonville began mainly because of three significant factors. The first one is its proximity to Nashville, the development of the main road that merges Nashville and Hendersonville, and the confinement of the Old Hickory Lake. If not for the lake, Hendersonville would not have become the city it is now.

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